Bunions are large, bony, uncomfortable bumps that develop along the inner edge of your foot, at the base of your big toe.
As bunions progress, the bump gets larger, and the big toe moves further out of place—eventually pushing against or crossing over the next toe.
The friction and pressure that develop between the bunion and the inside of the shoe can cause irritation, pain, swelling, and skin breakdown. Over time, the joint may become arthritic, and walking becomes more and more painful.
In order to prevent bunions from progressing to this painful stage, it’s best to seek help for them as early as possible.
What Causes Bunions?
Leading risk factors for bunions include:
- Foot structure. The natural structure or biomechanics of your feet may divert excessive pressure toward the joint at the base of the big toe, increasing your risk of developing bunions. This is one reason why bunions tend to run in families. You may have inherited a faulty foot structure from mom or dad.
- Shoe gear. Wearing shoes that are too narrow in the toe box or lack proper support and cushioning can trigger faster development of bunions.
- Various toe and foot injuries, including stubbing or jamming your toe, can destabilize the big toe joint and increase the risk of bunion formation.
How Are Bunions Treated?
Like other progressive bony deformities, bunions do not get better on their own. They will worsen over time.
Conservative treatments are always the preferred choice. The goal of nonsurgical treatment is to stop the pain and stop the bunion from getting worse than it already is. Procedures that we might consider include:
- Padding the bunion to reduce friction and pressure caused by your shoes.
- Evaluating your shoe gear and switching you to roomier, better-fitting shoes.
- Providing a pair of shoe inserts or custom orthotics to keep weight and pressure away from the unstable joint.
- Providing any pain-relieving medications that may be necessary.
If you seek help for your bunions early, before symptoms become severe, conservative treatments such as these are often effective at helping you maintain a pain-free, active lifestyle.
However, bunions that do not respond to conservative treatments will most likely require surgical correction and realignment. Several different surgical procedures may be considered, based on your age, health, and the severity of your bunion.
We always prefer to avoid surgery if we can. So don’t wait until your bunion is swollen and painful to seek our help! To schedule an appointment with Trinity Foot Center, please call us today at (972) 293-9650.
Bunions. What is a bunion? A bunion is a protrusion of the big toe joint, where it is causing redness, and swelling, and uncomfortable in our shoe gear. Sometimes you can actually see the imprint in our shoe gear! What causes it? Many times, it’s hereditary. Somewhere along our family tree, whether it’s a parent or a grandparent, they had a bunion or have a bunion, and we have that gene and we have it also. Many times, it’s Arthritis. Arthritis attacks that big toe joint, several types of arthritis, not all, will attack the big toe joint and cause that joint to become protruded, causing pain and difficulty of walking. Another cause is people who wear improper shoe gear. I’ll just leave it at that. Whether they’re cheap, poorly made, or very flat, and then a lot of times women who wear very high heeled shoes, that’ll also cause you to get a bunion because you’ll put lots of pressure on that big toe joint, weaken that capsule, and have that bone to just become protruded. How you treat it? Start wearing sensible shoes that provide a lot of support in your arch that are well made and designed. However, if it’s hereditary or you have an arthritic condition, those are difficult to control. So, you would need to see a specialist if the bunion is actually interfering with your everyday life. So, when you see a specialist, they’ll take x-rays and give you different treatment options in order to address your issue. There is not a way, without surgery, to get rid of a bunion, period. We always get patients that come in and want to know if they can wear a special splint or pad and it’ll correct the bunion. No, it will not. It has to be addressed surgically. So, if you’re dealing with the bunion, please see a specialist and if you’re in our area, come see us here at Trinity Foot Center!
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|Tuesday||8:00am - 4:30pm|
|Wednesday||8:00am - 4:30pm|
|Thursday||8:00am - 5:30pm|
|Friday||8:00am - Noon|
p. (972) 293-9650
f. (972) 291-2533
1801 N. Hampton Road
DeSoto, TX 75115